3 diciembre, 2020

Chewing sugar-free gum reduces the risk of tooth decay


Madrid.- A systematic review by King’s College in London has found evidence that chewing gum without sugar could help reduce the development of dental caries (caries) in adults and children, as published by the authors in the ‘Journal of Dental Research: Clinical & Translational Research ‘.

This review found some evidence that chewing sugar-free gum can reduce the progression of tooth decay and could be used as a viable preventive agent, compared to non-chewing control methods such as oral health education and the supervision of brushing programs. teeth alone.

It was based on the analysis of studies published in the last 50 years, identifying 12 that explored the impact and result of the intervention of chewing sugar-free gum in oral health conditions, and in particular, dental caries in adults and children. And it was discovered that chewing gum without sugar reduces the increase in caries, giving it a preventive factor of 28%.

What can it cause?

«Chewing gum without carbohydrate can also behave as a donor of antibacterial components such as xylitol and sorbitol.» Avijit Banerjee, Professor of Cariology and Operative Dentistry «There is an enormous degree of versatility in the field of published factors and the studies included were generally of moderate class «, explains the main creator, Professor Avijit Banerjee, professor of Cariology and Operative Dentistry at King’s College, London.

«However, we felt there was a clear need to update and update existing knowledge about sugar-free gums and their effect on tooth decay and oral health,» he adds. «We are planning further research to determine acceptability and feasibility. of using this method in public health. »

In recent years, chewing sugar-free gum has become a possible complement to existing prevention strategies to stop the development of tooth decay.

«Both the stimulation of saliva, which can act as a natural barrier to protect teeth, and the mechanical control of plaque resulting from the act of chewing, can contribute to the prevention of tooth decay,» explains Professor Banerjee. – Sugar-free chewing gum can also act as a carrier of antibacterial ingredients such as xylitol and sorbitol.

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